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Creating a world where patients and those who care for them are free from harm

Preventing Infections in the Hospital

With attention increasing on the incidence of infection in hospitals, patients everywhere need sensible principles to manage their own health care and become active partners with heir health care teams.

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What You as a Patient Can Do

Infections can occur after many types of medical procedures. This is particularly true if you are having surgery. There are several things you can do to help prevent infections from developing in the hospital:

 

Planning ahead for surgery (if applicable)…

 

  • Don’t be afraid to ask questions about your care so that you may fully understand your treatment plan and expected outcomes. You and your family/friends will be able to better facilitate your recovery.
  • If you have diabetes, be sure that you and your doctor discuss the best way to control your blood sugar before, during, and after your hospital stay. High blood sugar increases the risk of infection noticeably.
  • If you are overweight, losing weight will reduce the risk of infection following surgery.
  • If you are a smoker, you should consider a smoking cessation program. This will reduce the chance of developing a lung infection while in the hospital and may also improve your healing abilities following surgery.

 

In any health care setting…

 

  • Wash your hands carefully after handling any type of soiled material. This is especially important after you have gone to the bathroom.
  • Since you are part of your health care team, do not be afraid to remind doctors and nurses about washing their hands before working with you.
  • If you have an intravenous catheter, keep the skin around the dressing clean and dry. Tell your nurse promptly if the dressing works loose or gets wet.
  • Likewise, if you have a dressing on a wound, let your nurse know promptly if it works loose or gets wet.
  • If you have any type of catheter or drainage tube, let your nurse know promptly if it becomes loose or dislodged.
  • If you have diabetes, be sure that you and your doctor discuss the best way to control your blood sugar before, during, and after your hospital stay. High blood sugar increases the risk of infection noticeably.
  • If you are overweight, losing weight will reduce the risk of infection following surgery.
  • If you are a smoker, you should consider a smoking cessation program. This will reduce the chance of developing a lung infection while in the hospital and may also improve your healing abilities following surgery.
  • Carefully follow your doctors instructions regarding breathing treatments and getting out of bed. Don’t be afraid to ask for help, advice, or sufficient pain medications!
  • If possible, ask your friends and relatives not to visit if they themselves feel ill.
  • Don’t be afraid to ask questions about your care so that you may fully understand your treatment plan and expected outcomes. You will be able to recover more easily, and your family and friends can best help you, if you know what is to be expected.